Factory Price Effective Industry Rotary Vane Vacuum Pump for CHINAMFG Dryer
2XZ series rotary vane mini vacuum pump belongs to 2 stages direct connection structure rotary vane vacuum pump, which can be used independently or as the pre-pump for booster pump, diffusion pump, molecular pump and titanium pump. It is usually used for electronic devices produce, vacuum drying, filtration, welding, metal smelting, etc.
Small size, Light weight, Low noise, No oil returning, No pollution, Energy saving, Beautiful appearance, Low prices, Easy to use.
|Ultimate vacuum(Pa)||Gas Ballast Off||6*10-2|
|Gas Ballast on||1.33|
|Working voltage (V)||220||220/380||220/380||220/380|
|Temp. rise of oil pump(ºC)||≯50|
|Vibration reference number(u)||≯80|
|Oil or Not:||Oil|
|Structure:||Rotary Vacuum Pump|
|Exhauster Method:||Positive Displacement Pump|
|Vacuum Degree:||High Vacuum|
|Work Function:||Mainsuction Pump|
What Is the Vacuum Level and How Is It Measured in Vacuum Pumps?
The vacuum level refers to the degree of pressure below atmospheric pressure in a vacuum system. It indicates the level of “emptiness” or the absence of gas molecules in the system. Here’s a detailed explanation of vacuum level measurement in vacuum pumps:
Vacuum level is typically measured using pressure units that represent the difference between the pressure in the vacuum system and atmospheric pressure. The most common unit of measurement for vacuum level is the Pascal (Pa), which is the SI unit. Other commonly used units include Torr, millibar (mbar), and inches of mercury (inHg).
Vacuum pumps are equipped with pressure sensors or gauges that measure the pressure within the vacuum system. These gauges are specifically designed to measure the low pressures encountered in vacuum applications. There are several types of pressure gauges used for measuring vacuum levels:
1. Pirani Gauge: Pirani gauges operate based on the thermal conductivity of gases. They consist of a heated element exposed to the vacuum environment. As gas molecules collide with the heated element, they transfer heat away, causing a change in temperature. By measuring the change in temperature, the pressure can be inferred, allowing the determination of the vacuum level.
2. Thermocouple Gauge: Thermocouple gauges utilize the thermal conductivity of gases similar to Pirani gauges. They consist of two dissimilar metal wires joined together, forming a thermocouple. As gas molecules collide with the thermocouple, they cause a temperature difference between the wires, generating a voltage. The voltage is proportional to the pressure and can be calibrated to provide a reading of the vacuum level.
3. Capacitance Manometer: Capacitance manometers measure pressure by detecting the change in capacitance between two electrodes caused by the deflection of a flexible diaphragm. As the pressure in the vacuum system changes, the diaphragm moves, altering the capacitance and providing a measurement of the vacuum level.
4. Ionization Gauge: Ionization gauges operate by ionizing gas molecules in the vacuum system and measuring the resulting electrical current. The ion current is proportional to the pressure, allowing the determination of the vacuum level. There are different types of ionization gauges, such as hot cathode, cold cathode, and Bayard-Alpert gauges.
5. Baratron Gauge: Baratron gauges utilize the principle of capacitance manometry but with a different design. They consist of a pressure-sensing diaphragm separated by a small gap from a reference electrode. The pressure difference between the vacuum system and the reference electrode causes the diaphragm to deflect, changing the capacitance and providing a measurement of the vacuum level.
It’s important to note that different types of vacuum pumps may have different pressure ranges and may require specific pressure gauges suitable for their operating conditions. Additionally, vacuum pumps are often equipped with multiple gauges to provide information about the pressure at different stages of the pumping process or in different parts of the system.
In summary, vacuum level refers to the pressure below atmospheric pressure in a vacuum system. It is measured using pressure gauges specifically designed for low-pressure environments. Common types of pressure gauges used in vacuum pumps include Pirani gauges, thermocouple gauges, capacitance manometers, ionization gauges, and Baratron gauges.
Can Vacuum Pumps Be Used for Chemical Distillation?
Yes, vacuum pumps are commonly used in chemical distillation processes. Here’s a detailed explanation:
Chemical distillation is a technique used to separate or purify components of a mixture based on their different boiling points. The process involves heating the mixture to evaporate the desired component and then condensing the vapor to collect the purified substance. Vacuum pumps play a crucial role in chemical distillation by creating a reduced pressure environment, which lowers the boiling points of the components and enables distillation at lower temperatures.
Here are some key aspects of using vacuum pumps in chemical distillation:
1. Reduced Pressure: By creating a vacuum or low-pressure environment in the distillation apparatus, vacuum pumps lower the pressure inside the system. This reduction in pressure lowers the boiling points of the components, allowing distillation to occur at temperatures lower than their normal boiling points. This is particularly useful for heat-sensitive or high-boiling-point compounds that would decompose or become thermally degraded at higher temperatures.
2. Increased Boiling Point Separation: Vacuum distillation increases the separation between the boiling points of the components, making it easier to achieve a higher degree of purification. In regular atmospheric distillation, the boiling points of some components may overlap, leading to less effective separation. By operating under vacuum, the boiling points of the components are further apart, improving the selectivity and efficiency of the distillation process.
3. Energy Efficiency: Vacuum distillation can be more energy-efficient compared to distillation under atmospheric conditions. The reduced pressure lowers the required temperature for distillation, resulting in reduced energy consumption and lower operating costs. This is particularly advantageous when dealing with large-scale distillation processes or when distilling heat-sensitive compounds that require careful temperature control.
4. Types of Vacuum Pumps: Different types of vacuum pumps can be used in chemical distillation depending on the specific requirements of the process. Some commonly used vacuum pump types include:
– Rotary Vane Pumps: Rotary vane pumps are widely used in chemical distillation due to their ability to achieve moderate vacuum levels and handle various gases. They work by using rotating vanes to create chambers that expand and contract, enabling the pumping of gas or vapor.
– Diaphragm Pumps: Diaphragm pumps are suitable for smaller-scale distillation processes. They use a flexible diaphragm that moves up and down to create a vacuum and compress the gas or vapor. Diaphragm pumps are often oil-free, making them suitable for applications where avoiding oil contamination is essential.
– Liquid Ring Pumps: Liquid ring pumps can handle more demanding distillation processes and corrosive gases. They rely on a rotating liquid ring to create a seal and compress the gas or vapor. Liquid ring pumps are commonly used in chemical and petrochemical industries.
– Dry Screw Pumps: Dry screw pumps are suitable for high-vacuum distillation processes. They use intermeshing screws to compress and transport gas or vapor. Dry screw pumps are known for their high pumping speeds, low noise levels, and oil-free operation.
Overall, vacuum pumps are integral to chemical distillation processes as they create the necessary reduced pressure environment that enables distillation at lower temperatures. By using vacuum pumps, it is possible to achieve better separation, improve energy efficiency, and handle heat-sensitive compounds effectively. The choice of vacuum pump depends on factors such as the required vacuum level, the scale of the distillation process, and the nature of the compounds being distilled.
What Is the Purpose of a Vacuum Pump in an HVAC System?
In an HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) system, a vacuum pump serves a crucial purpose. Here’s a detailed explanation:
The purpose of a vacuum pump in an HVAC system is to remove air and moisture from the refrigerant lines and the system itself. HVAC systems, particularly those that rely on refrigeration, operate under specific pressure and temperature conditions to facilitate the transfer of heat. To ensure optimal performance and efficiency, it is essential to evacuate any non-condensable gases, air, and moisture from the system.
Here are the key reasons why a vacuum pump is used in an HVAC system:
1. Removing Moisture: Moisture can be present within an HVAC system due to various factors, such as system installation, leaks, or improper maintenance. When moisture combines with the refrigerant, it can cause issues like ice formation, reduced system efficiency, and potential damage to system components. A vacuum pump helps remove moisture by creating a low-pressure environment, which causes the moisture to boil and turn into vapor, effectively evacuating it from the system.
2. Eliminating Air and Non-Condensable Gases: Air and non-condensable gases, such as nitrogen or oxygen, can enter an HVAC system during installation, repair, or through leaks. These gases can hinder the refrigeration process, affect heat transfer, and decrease system performance. By using a vacuum pump, technicians can evacuate the air and non-condensable gases, ensuring that the system operates with the designed refrigerant and pressure levels.
3. Preparing for Refrigerant Charging: Prior to charging the HVAC system with refrigerant, it is crucial to create a vacuum to remove any contaminants and ensure the system is clean and ready for optimal refrigerant circulation. By evacuating the system with a vacuum pump, technicians ensure that the refrigerant enters a clean and controlled environment, reducing the risk of system malfunctions and improving overall efficiency.
4. Leak Detection: Vacuum pumps are also used in HVAC systems for leak detection purposes. After evacuating the system, technicians can monitor the pressure to check if it holds steady. A significant drop in pressure indicates the presence of leaks, enabling technicians to identify and repair them before charging the system with refrigerant.
In summary, a vacuum pump plays a vital role in an HVAC system by removing moisture, eliminating air and non-condensable gases, preparing the system for refrigerant charging, and aiding in leak detection. These functions help ensure optimal system performance, energy efficiency, and longevity, while also reducing the risk of system malfunctions and damage.
editor by CX 2023-10-26