FZB self-priming pump centrifugal pump water Transfer Pump vacuum pump
Conform to design standard of GB/T5656
Flow range: 1.6~400m3/h
Lift range: ~125m
Design pressure: 1.6MPa
Application temperature: -40~150ºC
Application field: transport various clean and micro particle contained inflammable, explosive and strong corrosive medium. Mainly used in chemical industry, oil industry, oil refinery, liquid tank pumping, tank truck unloading, wastewater pumping and automatic control engineering etc.
Model FZB thermal – and – corrosion – resistantself-sucking type chemical centrifugal pump is a single – stage – single -suction pump developed and manufactured by our company,through the combination of advantages of domestic and over seas similar products. It is suitable for the conveying of corrosive medium with the temperature ranging from-48ºC to 150ºC and of granule diameter of less than 3mm.
For conveying medium containing fibers or granules with diameter more than 3mm, you can choose model ZW non – bl-ockage self- sucking pump series produced by our company.
The performance of the pump: the flow ranges from 1.6m2/h to 400m2/h, while the lift ranging from 5m to 125m. The up-sucking height is not more than 5 meters.
According to different conveying media, such materials as cast iron, cast steel, 1Cr18Ni9Ti, 1Cr18Ni12Mo2Ti, 316, 31 6L, etc can be chosen for the liquid – contacting material of model FZB self – sucking chemical centrifugal pump.
Description of pump model
FZ-code of self-sucking pump
B-code of chemical centrifugal pump
50-inlet diameter of pump(mm)
32-outlet diameter of pump(mm)
160-nominal diameter of the blade wheel of pump(mm)
A-sequence of blade wheel diameter cutting, shown as A,B,C.
|1||Pump body||2||Impeller||3||Impeller nut||4||Pump cover||5||Shaft Sleeve||6||Mechanical seal|
|7||Axle sleeve||8||Front axle bearing cover||9||Ball ball bearing||10||Vent plug||11||Bearing box||12||Axle|
|13||Rear axle bearing cover||14||Oil mirror||15||Leg|
Performance parameters of the table
|Position of Pump Shaft:||Horizontal|
How Are Vacuum Pumps Employed in the Production of Electronic Components?
Vacuum pumps play a crucial role in the production of electronic components. Here’s a detailed explanation:
The production of electronic components often requires controlled environments with low or no atmospheric pressure. Vacuum pumps are employed in various stages of the production process to create and maintain these vacuum conditions. Here are some key ways in which vacuum pumps are used in the production of electronic components:
1. Deposition Processes: Vacuum pumps are extensively used in deposition processes, such as physical vapor deposition (PVD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD), which are commonly employed for thin film deposition on electronic components. These processes involve the deposition of materials onto substrates in a vacuum chamber. Vacuum pumps help create and maintain the necessary vacuum conditions required for precise and controlled deposition of the thin films.
2. Etching and Cleaning: Etching and cleaning processes are essential in the fabrication of electronic components. Vacuum pumps are used to create a vacuum environment in etching and cleaning chambers, where reactive gases or plasmas are employed to remove unwanted materials or residues from the surfaces of the components. The vacuum pumps help evacuate the chamber and ensure the efficient removal of byproducts and waste gases.
3. Drying and Bake-out: Vacuum pumps are utilized in the drying and bake-out processes of electronic components. After wet processes, such as cleaning or wet etching, components need to be dried thoroughly. Vacuum pumps help create a vacuum environment that facilitates the removal of moisture or solvents from the components, ensuring their dryness before subsequent processing steps. Additionally, vacuum bake-out is employed to remove moisture or other contaminants trapped within the components’ materials or structures, enhancing their reliability and performance.
4. Encapsulation and Packaging: Vacuum pumps are involved in the encapsulation and packaging stages of electronic component production. These processes often require the use of vacuum-sealed packaging to protect the components from environmental factors such as moisture, dust, or oxidation. Vacuum pumps assist in evacuating the packaging materials, creating a vacuum-sealed environment that helps maintain the integrity and longevity of the electronic components.
5. Testing and Quality Control: Vacuum pumps are utilized in testing and quality control processes for electronic components. Some types of testing, such as hermeticity testing, require the creation of a vacuum environment for evaluating the sealing integrity of electronic packages. Vacuum pumps help evacuate the testing chambers, ensuring accurate and reliable test results.
6. Soldering and Brazing: Vacuum pumps play a role in soldering and brazing processes for joining electronic components and assemblies. Vacuum soldering is a technique used to achieve high-quality solder joints by removing air and reducing the risk of voids, flux residuals, or oxidation. Vacuum pumps assist in evacuating the soldering chambers, creating the required vacuum conditions for precise and reliable soldering or brazing.
7. Surface Treatment: Vacuum pumps are employed in surface treatment processes for electronic components. These processes include plasma cleaning, surface activation, or surface modification techniques. Vacuum pumps help create the necessary vacuum environment where plasma or reactive gases are used to treat the component surfaces, improving adhesion, promoting bonding, or altering surface properties.
It’s important to note that different types of vacuum pumps may be used in electronic component production, depending on the specific process requirements. Commonly used vacuum pump technologies include rotary vane pumps, turbo pumps, cryogenic pumps, and dry pumps.
In summary, vacuum pumps are essential in the production of electronic components, facilitating deposition processes, etching and cleaning operations, drying and bake-out stages, encapsulation and packaging, testing and quality control, soldering and brazing, as well as surface treatment. They enable the creation and maintenance of controlled vacuum environments, ensuring precise and reliable manufacturing processes for electronic components.
Can Vacuum Pumps Be Used in the Production of Solar Panels?
Yes, vacuum pumps are extensively used in the production of solar panels. Here’s a detailed explanation:
Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) panels, are devices that convert sunlight into electricity. The manufacturing process of solar panels involves several critical steps, many of which require the use of vacuum pumps. Vacuum technology plays a crucial role in ensuring the efficiency, reliability, and quality of solar panel production. Here are some key areas where vacuum pumps are utilized:
1. Silicon Ingot Production: The first step in solar panel manufacturing is the production of silicon ingots. These ingots are cylindrical blocks of pure crystalline silicon that serve as the raw material for solar cells. Vacuum pumps are used in the Czochralski process, which involves melting polycrystalline silicon in a quartz crucible and then slowly pulling a single crystal ingot from the molten silicon. Vacuum pumps create a controlled environment by removing impurities and preventing contamination during the crystal growth process.
2. Wafering: After the silicon ingots are produced, they undergo wafering, where the ingots are sliced into thin wafers. Vacuum pumps are used in wire saws to create a low-pressure environment that helps to cool and lubricate the cutting wire. The vacuum also assists in removing the silicon debris generated during the slicing process, ensuring clean and precise cuts.
3. Solar Cell Production: Vacuum pumps play a significant role in various stages of solar cell production. Solar cells are the individual units within a solar panel that convert sunlight into electricity. Vacuum pumps are used in the following processes:
– Diffusion: In the diffusion process, dopants such as phosphorus or boron are introduced into the silicon wafer to create the desired electrical properties. Vacuum pumps are utilized in the diffusion furnace to create a controlled atmosphere for the diffusion process and remove any impurities or gases that may affect the quality of the solar cell.
– Deposition: Thin films of materials such as anti-reflective coatings, passivation layers, and electrode materials are deposited onto the silicon wafer. Vacuum pumps are used in various deposition techniques like physical vapor deposition (PVD) or chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to create the necessary vacuum conditions for precise and uniform film deposition.
– Etching: Etching processes are employed to create the desired surface textures on the solar cell, which enhance light trapping and improve efficiency. Vacuum pumps are used in plasma etching or wet etching techniques to remove unwanted material or create specific surface structures on the solar cell.
4. Encapsulation: After the solar cells are produced, they are encapsulated to protect them from environmental factors such as moisture and mechanical stress. Vacuum pumps are used in the encapsulation process to create a vacuum environment, ensuring the removal of air and moisture from the encapsulation materials. This helps to achieve proper bonding and prevents the formation of bubbles or voids, which could degrade the performance and longevity of the solar panel.
5. Testing and Quality Control: Vacuum pumps are also utilized in testing and quality control processes during solar panel production. For example, vacuum systems can be used for leak testing to ensure the integrity of the encapsulation and to detect any potential defects or leaks in the panel assembly. Vacuum-based measurement techniques may also be employed for assessing the electrical characteristics and efficiency of the solar cells or panels.
In summary, vacuum pumps are integral to the production of solar panels. They are used in various stages of the manufacturing process, including silicon ingot production, wafering, solar cell production (diffusion, deposition, and etching), encapsulation, and testing. Vacuum technology enables precise control, contamination prevention, and efficient processing, contributing to the production of high-quality and reliable solar panels.
How Are Vacuum Pumps Different from Air Compressors?
Vacuum pumps and air compressors are both mechanical devices used to manipulate air and gas, but they serve opposite purposes. Here’s a detailed explanation of their differences:
– Vacuum Pumps: Vacuum pumps are designed to remove or reduce the pressure within a closed system, creating a vacuum or low-pressure environment. They extract air or gas from a chamber, creating suction or negative pressure.
– Air Compressors: Air compressors, on the other hand, are used to increase the pressure of air or gas. They take in ambient air or gas and compress it, resulting in higher pressure and a compacted volume of air or gas.
2. Pressure Range:
– Vacuum Pumps: Vacuum pumps are capable of generating pressures below atmospheric pressure or absolute zero pressure. The pressure range typically extends into the negative range, expressed in units such as torr or pascal.
– Air Compressors: Air compressors, on the contrary, operate in the positive pressure range. They increase the pressure above atmospheric pressure, typically measured in units like pounds per square inch (psi) or bar.
– Vacuum Pumps: Vacuum pumps have various applications where the creation of a vacuum or low-pressure environment is required. They are used in processes such as vacuum distillation, vacuum drying, vacuum packaging, and vacuum filtration. They are also essential in scientific research, semiconductor manufacturing, medical suction devices, and many other industries.
– Air Compressors: Air compressors find applications where compressed air or gas at high pressure is needed. They are used in pneumatic tools, manufacturing processes, air conditioning systems, power generation, and inflating tires. Compressed air is versatile and can be employed in numerous industrial and commercial applications.
4. Design and Mechanism:
– Vacuum Pumps: Vacuum pumps are designed to create a vacuum by removing air or gas from a closed system. They may use mechanisms such as positive displacement, entrapment, or momentum transfer to achieve the desired vacuum level. Examples of vacuum pump types include rotary vane pumps, diaphragm pumps, and diffusion pumps.
– Air Compressors: Air compressors are engineered to compress air or gas, increasing its pressure and decreasing its volume. They use mechanisms like reciprocating pistons, rotary screws, or centrifugal force to compress the air or gas. Common types of air compressors include reciprocating compressors, rotary screw compressors, and centrifugal compressors.
5. Direction of Air/Gas Flow:
– Vacuum Pumps: Vacuum pumps draw air or gas into the pump and then expel it from the system, creating a vacuum within the chamber or system being evacuated.
– Air Compressors: Air compressors take in ambient air or gas and compress it, increasing its pressure and storing it in a tank or delivering it directly to the desired application.
While vacuum pumps and air compressors have different functions and operate under distinct pressure ranges, they are both vital in various industries and applications. Vacuum pumps create and maintain a vacuum or low-pressure environment, while air compressors compress air or gas to higher pressures for different uses and processes.
editor by CX 2023-11-03